Naxos is located in the heart of the Aegean Sea and is the largest and most fertile island in the Cyclades. It has an area of 428 square kilometers and its coastline reaches 148 km. It is 103 nautical miles from Piraeus.
Being in the center of the Cyclades, it has west of Paros, north of Mykonos, east of the Small Cyclades and Amorgos and south of Ios.
In general, it is a mountainous oval island. Highest top is the Zas with a height of 1004m. The second largest mountain is Koronos. At the same time it also has extensive fertile plains and valleys, resulting in its rich landscape.
Its climate is mild Mediterranean, with light winter and cool summer thanks to the summer winds, the so-called meltemia.
Its population reaches 18,200 inhabitants. Previously, the major resource was the emery (Naxi earth) that was mined in the northeast of the island. In recent years, tourism and the agro-processing industry (wine, sweet cherry, liqueur, high-quality cheese products) have grown significantly. Agricultural (potato, olive, fruit) and livestock farming are quite developed.
Being inhabited since the Neolithic Age (5th millennium), Naxos has a long and rich history.
There are many myths about Naxos, which shows the importance of the island during antiquity. The most important of these are: a) the upbringing of Zeus in Naxos, from which the name of its tallest mountain (Zas> Zeus) came, and b) the abandonment of Ariadne from Theseus to Naxos, where her husband took her God Dionysus.
The rich archaeological data show that Naxos was the center of the Cycladic civilization (3200-2100 BC, Grotta, Cycladic figurines), it was inhabited in the Mycenaean years (Aplimata) and with the settlement of the Ionians (c1000 BC) Experienced a new period of acne, culminating in the 7th and 6th centuries. B.C. (Portara, Temple of Apollo). In the Persian wars he opposed the Persians, from whom he was destroyed (490 BC). Member of the Athenian Alliance, then passed into the hands of the Macedonians, the Ptolemy of Egypt, the Rhodians and finally the Romans. During Byzantine times, it belonged to the Aegean Sea and was subject to many pirate raids, which forced the residents to turn into the hinterland, set up new settlements and build towers to protect. In 1207, Marcos Sanudos occupies it and makes it the seat of the Archipelago Duchy. In 1537 he was plundered by Barbarossa and in 1566 he was taken over by Joseph Nazis. In 1579 he was conquered by the Turks and liberated with the rest of the Cyclades by the revolution of 1821.
Today Naxos is a typical Cycladic island with beautiful beaches , many attractions, rich hinterland ( villages ) and well-developed tourist facilities (Summerland Hotel).